What Is Title Insurance

Whether you are purchasing a new home or restructuring your existing property, knowing what title insurance is and how it works is crucial. This post’s objective is to provide an extensive overview of title insurance, its importance, and the diverse aspects linked with it.

What is Title Insurance?

Title insurance is a form of restitution insurance that offers security to your rights as the owner and safeguards your investment towards any liable hidden risks or claims on such property.

That’s, it ensures that you have a distinct title and be able to enjoy your new property without any unpleasant surprises.

Brief Overview

An explicit title is required for any real estate transaction. However, insurance firms must carry out extensive analysis of every title to check for claims or charges of any form against them before they can be issued. This is called a title search; an assessment of public records to discover and ascertain a property’s ownership rights and to know whether there are claims involved on the property.

Two things can make a title soiled: 

  1. Misleading surveys and 
  2. Pending building code violations.

In essence, title insurance safeguards both lenders and homebuyers against damage or loss resulting from reparations or liens, hindrances, or faults in a property’s title or exact ownership.

The following are common claims filed against a title:

  • Back taxes
  • Charges (from mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit (HELOCs), or supports.
  • Opposing wills. 

Hence, it offers security for past occurrence claims, unlike traditional insurance which gives protection against future events.

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Types of Title Insurance

1) Lender’s Title Insurance: 

This policy safeguards the financial interests of the firm that issues the mortgage (the same way mortgage insurance operates). More so, it ensures the lender has the top claim on the property above any other charges. 

You must take out lender’s title insurance any time you intend to purchase a mortgage, be it buying a new house or restructuring it.

2) Owner’s Title Insurance: 

This policy is for the homebuyer and protects the homeowner if someone sues and says they have a claim against the home right before the homebuyer bought it.

Note that Owner’s title insurance isn’t mandatory and only needs to be bought once.

Process To Buy A Title Insurance

To buy this insurance, a closing agent starts the insurance process upon fulfillment of the property acquisition contract.

Additionally, there are four major U.S. title insurance underwriters you may consider:

  1. Stewart Title Guaranty Co. 
  2. Fidelity National Financial Inc., 
  3. Old Republic National Title Insurance Co.
  4. First American Title Insurance Co.

More so,  there are provincial title insurance firms to select from.

The cost of a lender’s title insurance is somewhere between 0.5 and 1% of your home’s purchase fee.

For owner’s title insurance, the fee ranges from $500 to $3,500, depending on the region where you stay, the insurer you choose, and the purchase fee of your home.

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How Does It Work?

The owner’s title policy offers security by giving coverage to expenses associated with hidden charges or reparations, guarding against property-related legal issues, and offering monetary settlements for concerns like buying a property with a fraudulent title. 

Furthermore, this policy is essential because it protects your capability to sell your property in the future if title search issues arise. 

On the contrary, the lender’s policy, although less significant to the homebuyer, is still crucial for the lender in case of forged property sales. This gives room to file a claim to recover the required mortgage bills. 


Ultimately, title insurance is an essential safety net for property owners, thereby protecting them against liable risks and securing their investment. 

It gives tranquility and financial security by offering comprehensive title searches, taking care of unforeseen issues, and enhancing the claim process.

Hence, taking out it will confidently secure your property rights and help you make informed decisions about your real estate investments.

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